If someone among your family has encountered the virus, and he is stable to be isolated at home. Then, you should follow the recommendations below while providing care to a COVID-19 patient at home.
Some key points first
- These suggestions are recommended by WHO and CDC, and are for patients with mild symptoms only.
- Keep in touch with your medical health provider and follow the instructions during home isolation.
- Seek medical care immediately or call 1166 if the symptoms worsen or if
- The patient feels shortness of breathing
- Has bluish lips
- Feels heaviness or pain in the chest
- Has some chronic illness
How to manage Home Isolation
- The patient must stay at home during the 14-day isolation period. He should not go out except for seeking medical advice.
- If possible, isolate him in a single well-ventilated bedroom with an open door and windows, and with a separate bathroom (if available)
- By separating the shared space, limit the patient’s movement inside the house.
- Keep the windows of the house open and make sure that the shared spaces are well-ventilated. (bathroom, kitchen, etc)
- The household members must maintain a safe distance (at least six feet) from the patient.
- Prohibit visitors.
- Take care of the patient’s pets and separate them from the patient.
Instructions for Care Provider
- Only one person with good health conditions among all family members should take the responsibility of providing care.
- The healthcare provider MUST follow all the instructions recommended by WHO.
- S/he must observe his health conditions and look for symptoms closely during and after caretaking.
- Wear a disposable or cloth face mask and gloves. Immediately remove them after having close contact with the contaminated objects. Throw them in a lined container.
- Wash your hands for 20 seconds with soap water right after disposing them of.
- Avoid touching your face, wash your hands often, or use alcohol-based sanitizers.
- Do not share personal items like clothes, dishes, bed linen, cell phone, etc. with the sick person.
Help in Basic Needs
- Check if the patient has enough medical supplies.
- Ensure that the patient takes a lot of rest and drinks fluids.
- Help them in following instructions given by their doctor.
While Doing Laundry
- You can wash a COVID patient’s clothes and bed linens along with other clothes provided the patient’s clothes are not soiled.
- Wear surgical or rubber gloves, wear a mask and a plastic apron.
- Wash the clothes with warm water (30c-60c) and usual detergent in a washing machine.
- Dry the clothes properly in a dryer or by spreading in sunlight.
- Do not shake the clothes while handling them.
- Dispose of the gloves in a lined trash can with a lid.
- Wash the washing area, laundry baskets, and other utensils thoroughly with soap water or cleaning agents.
While Doing the Dishes
- Again, as instructed above, wear gloves and an apron.
- Separate the dishes (glass, cup, plate, etc) for the patient and provide meals in separate dishes. DO NOT SHARE MEALS.
- Wash the dishes separately as well, with soapy water.
- Dispose of the gloves in a lined trash can.
Disinfect the Frequently Touched Surfaces
- Clean and disinfect all high touch surfaces (doorknobs, switchboards, etc.) regularly with home cleaning agents. (Read the label and instructions carefully before using them)
Ending Home Isolation
- Either symptomatic or asymptomatic, in both cases follow your medical healthcare provider’s instructions for ending the home isolation.
- Usually one can end isolation after ten days if s/he does not have fever for more than 72 hours and does not have any other symptoms.
- Disinfect the home thoroughly after ending the isolation.