Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking

Health Effects of Cigarette Smoking

Almost 160100 people die every year due to diseases caused by cigarette smoking.

Cigarettes may contain about 600 ingredients. Which, upon burning produce 7000 chemicals that do nothing good to your health, says American Lung Association.

Cigarette smoking affects almost every organ of your body. Every fifteen cigarettes you smoke causes mutations in your body. And mutation is the main reason for cancers.

When you smoke a cigarette, all the toxic chemicals in it, enter into your blood, affecting your air passage too. Here we will give you a brief overview of how cigarette smoking and tobacco damage your all body organs.

Mouth and Throat

Bad breath, stained teeth, gum diseases, and loss of sense of taste are the primary damages smoking does to you.

When you smoke a cigarette, its toxins damage all the body organs from where they pass through or touch. Cancers of lips, tongue, mouth, throat, voice box and gullet are the severe damages smoking causes to you. 

More than 93% of oral cancers are caused by cigarette and tobacco smoking.


Smoking is not only injurious to your lung health, but it can also badly affect your kids’ health. Asthma, shortness of breath, wheezing, cough, and colds are the primary signs of lung damage. A cigarette smoker and his kids encounter all of these most of the time. Consecutive smoking for years may lead you to fatal and chronic diseases such as pneumonia, lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Most of the lung diseases are non-reversible but you can save yourself by quitting smoking before it’s too late.


Smoking affects your overall cardiovascular system. Carbon monoxide and nicotine cause the tightening of blood vessels. That puts pressure on blood vessels by restricting the blood flow. The blood pressure rises and puts a strain on the heart and makes it work faster. 

This whole scenario creates a dire situation putting the entire cardiovascular system at a risk. 

High blood pressure, narrowing and damaging of blood vessels, increased (50% more) risk of blood clotting and stroke, peripheral artery disease, coronary heart disease, heart attack, and cerebrovascular disease are some serious health threats developed by smoking.


The component in cigarettes that makes you addicted to it is Nicotine. This mood-altering drug is extremely habit-forming. It reaches your brain within seconds and makes you feel relaxed. You crave for more when its effects are waved off. Smokers feel tired and stressed when the effects are gone.

This addiction to nicotine makes quitting difficult for smokers. It affects your nervous system and brain badly by increasing the risk of stroke. 

Cigarette smoking causes extensive damage to the brain such as strokes, brain aneurysms ( a bulge in blood vessels), and subarachnoid hemorrhage ( a type of stroke). These critical damages may even lead to death.


Stomach cancers and ulcers are more common among smokers. They also have more chances to get mouth, larynx, esophagus, throat, and pancreatic cancers. Smoking weakens the esophagus cells and causes acid reflux, leading to gullet (esophagus) cancer. 

Smokers can also have insulin resistance, as smoking also affects insulin levels. This condition raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.


Like all the above body organs, smoking is hazardous to kidney health as well. It is harmful to kidneys, can increase and progress the kidney diseases. Smoking increases the production of the kidney hormone angiotensinⅡ, damages renal arteries, and increases the loss of kidney functions.


Smoking damages your skin and makes it wrinkled, dull, and grey. It causes wrinkles around your eyes and mouth making you look older than your age. That means smoking leads you towards aging before aging.

It does so by reducing the amount of oxygen in your skin. A low oxygen skin looks like yellow-grey in complexion.

Along with your skin, smoking also damages your nails by causing nail fungus, and also your hairs by making them premature grey, balding, and hair loss.

Reproduction and Fertility

Smoking affects reproduction and fertility in both men and women.

In men, smoking

  • Reduces the blood flow towards genital areas
  • Damages the arteries in private parts
  • Lowers the sperm count
  • Decreases sexual performance

 Whereas in women it can

  • Decrease lubrication
  • Decrease sexual desire
  • Reduce fertility
  • Increase the risk of cervical cancer
  • Lead to miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth, and cot death in case of pregnancy


Smoking makes bones brittle and weak. Nicotine slows down the blood flow towards bones and also slows down the production of bone-forming cells.

Smoking also affects calcium absorption in bones, lowers bone density, and weakens bones. Resulting in osteoporosis.

Estrogen, a hormone that actively takes part in skeletal formation, may also break due to cigarette smoking. 

The Saffona Note

Smoking kills- there’s no doubt. It destroys overall health and can lead to premature death.

However, there is hope to get your health back by quitting smoking. We understand that quitting is difficult but it is not impossible. The Team Saffona strongly recommends quitting for a healthier you, safer environment, and a  stronger society. 

Discuss miscellaneous ways of quitting with your healthcare advisor. Start your journey to a healthy lifestyle from today!

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